Professional archaeologists have been looking for traces of what was known as the “Old” French Village in north Peoria since the 1960s. In 2001, roadwork required an archaeological survey of the neighborhood that was thought to have been the location of this village, established in the 1760s. The Illinois Transportation Archaeological Research Program asked the Center’s director Robert Mazrim to create a series of digital overlays of French maps onto the modern urban landscape. From these maps, he assisted ITARP crews as they began testing several city lots. These tests immediately encountered the first archaeological remains of the city’s French heritage. The excavation located a small house thought to be a slave’s residence owned by Louis Chatellereau, a French trader. A large stockade trench was also found to cross several modern city lots, and probably served as a boundary between the village and the common or agricultural fields of the colonial community. While most of the 18th century topsoil had long ago been removed, the subsoil features were found in a good state of preservation, just beneath the lawns of late 19th century apartment buildings. Chatellereau’s property was probably abandoned in the 1790s, and was not developed again until after the Civil War.